Medical Imaging Convention [rescheduled] Mar 09, 2021 - Mar 10, 2021 — National Exhibition Centre, Birmingham, England
9th SINAPSE Neuro-oncology Imaging Meeting [rescheduled] Mar 11, 2021 09:30 AM - 03:30 PM — West Park Conferencing & Events, 319 Perth Road, Dundee DD2 1NN
Total Body PET 2020 conference [rescheduled] Jun 05, 2021 - Jun 07, 2021 — McEwan Hall, University of Edinburgh


SINAPSE experts from around Scotland have developed ten online modules designed to explain medical imaging. They are freely available and are intended for non-specialists.

Edinburgh Imaging Academy at the University of Edinburgh offers the following online programmes through a virtual learning environment:

Neuroimaging for Research MSc/Dip/Cert

Imaging MSc/Dip/Cert

PET-MR Principles & Applications Cert

Applied Medical Image Analysis Cert

Online Short Courses


Author(s): N. H. Barton, M. A. R. de Cara

Felsenstein distinguished two ways by which selection can directly strengthen isolation. First, a modifier that strengthens prezygotic isolation can be favored everywhere. This fits with the traditional view of reinforcement as an adaptation to reduce deleterious hybridization by strengthening assortative mating. Second, selection can favor association between different incompatibilities, despite recombination. We generalize this "two allele" model to follow associations among any number of incompatibilities, which may include both assortment and hybrid inviability. Our key argument is that this process, of coupling between incompatibilities, may be quite different from the usual view of reinforcement: strong isolation can evolve through the coupling of any kind of incompatibility, whether prezygotic or postzygotic. Single locus incompatibilities become coupled because associations between them increase the variance in compatibility, which in turn increases mean fitness if there is positive epistasis. Multiple incompatibilities, each maintained by epistasis, can become coupled in the same way. In contrast, a single-locus incompatibility can become coupled with loci that reduce the viability of haploid hybrids because this reduces harmful recombination. We obtain simple approximations for the limits of tight linkage, and strong assortment, and show how assortment alleles can invade through associations with other components of reproductive isolation.

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ISBN: 0014-3820
Publication Year: 2009
Periodical: Evolution
Periodical Number: 5
Volume: 63
Pages: 1171-1190
Author Address: