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eLearning

SINAPSE experts from around Scotland have developed ten online modules designed to explain medical imaging. They are freely available and are intended for non-specialists.


Edinburgh Imaging Academy at the University of Edinburgh offers the following online programmes through a virtual learning environment:

Neuroimaging for Research MSc/Dip/Cert

Imaging MSc/Dip/Cert

PET-MR Principles & Applications Cert

Applied Medical Image Analysis Cert

Online Short Courses

The Presentation and Clinical Course of Intracranial Developmental Venous Anomalies in Adults A Systematic Review and Prospective, Population-Based Study

Author(s): J. M. L. Hon, J. J. Bhattacharya, C. E. Counsell, V. Papanastassiou, V. Ritchie, R. C. Roberts, R. J. Sellar, C. P. Warlow, R. A. S. Salman, Sivms Collaborators

Abstract:
Background and Purpose-Reported risks of hemorrhage from intracranial developmental venous anomalies (DVAs) vary, so we investigated this in a systematic review and population-based study. Methods-We systematically reviewed the literature (Ovid Medline and Embase to November 7, 2007) and selected studies of >= 20 participants with >= 1 DVA(s) that described their clinical presentation and/or their clinical course over a specified follow-up period. We also identified every adult first diagnosed with a DVA in Scotland from 1999 to 2003 and followed them in a prospective, population-based study. Results-Of 2068 articles detected by the literature search, 15 met our inclusion criteria and described clinical presentation, 8 of which also described the clinical course of DVAs. In the 15 studies of 714 people first presenting with a DVA, 61% were incidental findings, the mode of presentation was unclear in 23%, 6% presented with nonhemorrhagic focal neurological deficit, 6% had caused symptomatic hemorrhage, 4% were associated with epileptic seizure, and <1% were associated with infarction. In studies of the clinical course of 422 people with a DVA, the hemorrhage rate after first presentation ranged from 0% to 1.28% per year. In the population-based study of 93 adults with DVAs, 98% were incidental, 1% presented with symptomatic hemorrhage, and 1% presented with an infarct, but there were no symptomatic hemorrhages or infarcts in 492 person-years of follow-up (0% per person-year; 95% CI, 0% to 0.7%). Conclusions-Intracranial DVAs have a benign presentation and clinical course. (Stroke. 2009; 40: 1980-1985.)

Full version: Available here

Click the link to go to an external website with the full version of the paper


ISBN: 0039-2499
Publication Year: 2009
Periodical: Stroke
Periodical Number: 6
Volume: 40
Pages: 1980-1985
Author Address: