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SINAPSE experts from around Scotland have developed ten online modules designed to explain medical imaging. They are freely available and are intended for non-specialists.

Edinburgh Imaging Academy at the University of Edinburgh offers the following online programmes through a virtual learning environment:

Neuroimaging for Research MSc/Dip/Cert

Imaging MSc/Dip/Cert

PET-MR Principles & Applications Cert

Applied Medical Image Analysis Cert

Online Short Courses

Understanding organofluorine chemistry. An introduction to the C-F bond

Author(s): D. O'Hagan

Fluorine is the most electronegative element in the periodic table. When bound to carbon it forms the strongest bonds in organic chemistry and this makes fluorine substitution attractive for the development of pharmaceuticals and a wide range of speciality materials. Although highly polarised, the C-F bond gains stability from the resultant electrostatic attraction between the polarised C delta+ and F delta- atoms. This polarity suppresses lone pair donation from fluorine and in general fluorine is a weak coordinator. However, the C-F bond has interesting properties which can be understood either in terms of electrostatic/dipole interactions or by considering stereoelectronic interactions with neighbouring bonds or lone pairs. In this tutorial review these fundamental aspects of the C-F bond are explored to rationalise the geometry, conformation and reactivity of individual organofluorine compounds.

Full version: Available here

Click the link to go to an external website with the full version of the paper

ISBN: 0306-0012
Publication Year: 2008
Periodical: Chemical Society Reviews
Periodical Number: 2
Volume: 37
Pages: 308-319
Author Address: