SINAPSE experts from around Scotland have developed ten online modules designed to explain medical imaging. They are freely available and are intended for non-specialists. **Unfortunately these do not currently work in browsers**

Edinburgh Imaging Academy at the University of Edinburgh offers the following online programmes through a virtual learning environment:

Neuroimaging for Research MSc/Dip/Cert

Imaging MSc/Dip/Cert

PET-MR Principles & Applications Cert

Applied Medical Image Analysis Cert

Online Short Courses

A longitudinal MRI study of muscle atrophy during lower leg immobilization following ankle fracture

Author(s): M. Psatha, Z. Wu, F. M. Gammie, A. Ratkevicius, H. Wackerhage, J. H. Lee, T. W. Redpath, F. J. Gilbert, G. P. Ashcroft, J. R. Meakin, R. M. Aspden

PURPOSE: To investigate MRI biomarkers of muscle atrophy during cast immobilization of the lower leg. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen patients (8 male, 10 female), who had one lower leg immobilized in a cast, underwent 3.0 Tesla (T) MR imaging 5, 8, 15, 29, and 43 days after casting. Measurements were made on both lower legs of total muscle volume. Cross-sectional area (CSA), fractional water content, and T(2) were measured in tibialis anterior (TA), gastrocnemius medialis (GM) and lateralis (GL) and soleus (SOL). Fiber pennation angle was measured in GM. RESULTS: Total muscle volume decreased by 17% (P < 0.001) over the 6 weeks of immobilization. The greatest loss in CSA (mean[SD]) was seen in GM (-23.3(8.7)%), followed by SOL (-19.0(9.8)%), GL (-17.1(6.5)%), and TA (-10.7(5.9)%). Significant reductions of CSA were also detectable in the contra-lateral leg. T(2) increased in all muscles: TA 27.0(2.5) ms to 29.6(2.8) ms (P < 0.001), GM 34.6(2.9) ms to 39.8(5.4) ms (P < 0.001) and SOL 34.4 (2.9) ms to 44.9(5.9) ms (P < 0.001). Small reductions were found in fractional water content. Pennation angle decreased in the cast leg (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Quantitative MR imaging can detect and monitor progressive biochemical and biophysical changes in muscle during immobilization.

Full version: Available here

Click the link to go to an external website with the full version of the paper

ISBN: 1522-2586 (Electronic) 1053-1807 (Linking)
Publication Year: 2012
Periodical: J Magn Reson Imaging
Periodical Number: 3
Volume: 35
Pages: 686-95
Author Address: Musculoskeletal Research Programme, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland, United Kingdom.