Scottish Radiological Society Spring Meeting 2021 May 14, 2021 09:00 AM - 05:00 PM — Virtual Meeting (online)
9th Annual Scottish Radiotherapy Research Forum Jun 03, 2021 12:30 PM - 05:00 PM — Virtual Meeting (online)
Medical Imaging Convention [rescheduled] Sep 15, 2021 - Sep 16, 2021 — National Exhibition Centre, Birmingham, England
Total Body PET 2021 conference [rescheduled] Sep 25, 2021 - Sep 27, 2021 — McEwan Hall, University of Edinburgh


SINAPSE experts from around Scotland have developed ten online modules designed to explain medical imaging. They are freely available and are intended for non-specialists.

Edinburgh Imaging Academy at the University of Edinburgh offers the following online programmes through a virtual learning environment:

Neuroimaging for Research MSc/Dip/Cert

Imaging MSc/Dip/Cert

PET-MR Principles & Applications Cert

Applied Medical Image Analysis Cert

Online Short Courses

Is the N400 effect a neurophysiological index of associative relationships?

Author(s): Daniele Ortu, Kevin Allan, David I. Donaldson

The N400 is one of the most widely studied ERP components and has come to be viewed as an index of the semantic processing that relates distinct stimuli. In this study, we examine whether the N400 is sensitive to the associative relationship between distinct stimuli, and not the degree to which the stimuli share semantic features. We used previously established norms to parametrically vary the strength of linguistic association between words within word-pairs, while holding constant their degree of semantic congruency. This manipulation allowed us to compare N400s elicited by unrelated prime-target word-pairs (e.g. mirror–thumb) with N400s generated by related prime-target word-pairs of either moderate (e.g. camera–lens) or high (e.g. cherry–tree) degrees of association. We observed that larger N400 effects occurred for highly associated versus moderately associated pairs despite the fact that no differences in terms of semantic congruency existed between pairs belonging to the highly and moderately associated conditions. These findings demonstrate that the N400 can be modulated by associative relationships quite independently of semantics, and suggest that the N400 effect reflects processes sensitive to the contiguity of distinct elements within one's past experience and not their semantic properties per se.

Full version: Available here

Click the link to go to an external website with the full version of the paper

Publication Year: 2013
Periodical Number:
Volume: 51
Pages: 1742-1748
Author Address: