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eLearning

SINAPSE experts from around Scotland have developed ten online modules designed to explain medical imaging. They are freely available and are intended for non-specialists.


Edinburgh Imaging Academy at the University of Edinburgh offers the following online programmes through a virtual learning environment:

Neuroimaging for Research MSc/Dip/Cert

Imaging MSc/Dip/Cert

PET-MR Principles & Applications Cert

Applied Medical Image Analysis Cert

Online Short Courses

Retinal changes in visceral leishmaniasis by retinal photography

Author(s): R. J. Maude, B. W. Ahmed, A. H. Rahman, R. Rahman, M. I. Majumder, D. B. Menezes, A. Abu Sayeed, L. Hughes, T. J. MacGillivray, S. Borooah, B. Dhillon, A. M. Dondorp, M. A. Faiz

Abstract:
BACKGROUND: In visceral leishmaniasis (VL), retinal changes have previously been noted but not described in detail and their clinical and pathological significance are unknown. A prospective observational study was undertaken in Mymensingh, Bangladesh aiming to describe in detail visible changes in the retina in unselected patients with VL. METHODS: Patients underwent assessment of visual function, indirect and direct ophthalmoscopy and portable retinal photography. The photographs were assessed by masked observers including assessment for vessel tortuosity using a semi-automated system. RESULTS: 30 patients with VL were enrolled, of whom 6 (20%) had abnormalities. These included 5 with focal retinal whitening, 2 with cotton wool spots, 2 with haemorrhages, as well as increased vessel tortuosity. Visual function was preserved. CONCLUSIONS: These changes suggest a previously unrecognized retinal vasculopathy. An inflammatory aetiology is plausible such as a subclinical retinal vasculitis, possibly with altered local microvascular autoregulation, and warrants further investigation.

Full version: Available here

Click the link to go to an external website with the full version of the paper


ISBN: 1471-2334 (Electronic) 1471-2334 (Linking)
Publication Year: 2014
Periodical: BMC Infect Dis
Periodical Number:
Volume: 14
Pages: 527
Author Address: Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand. richardmaude@gmail.com.