dPestalotiopsin A is a structurally unique, caryophyllene-type sesquiterpene which has shown immunosuppressive activity and cytotoxicity in preliminary assays. A stereocontrolled approach to the functionalised 2-oxabicyclo[3.2.0]-heptane core of pestalotiopsin A is described. This constitutes the first synthetic studies on pestalotiopsin A. Our approach includes a samarium(II)-mediated 4-exo-trig cyclisation and a trans-lactonisation process triggered by the addition of alkylytterbium reagents to a cyclobutanone intermediate. Further manipulation provides access to advanced intermediates which are excellent precursors for the future construction of the final ring of the target.